The Egyptian-Austrian mission working in Kom Ombo has discovered a large number of cylinder seals bears inscriptions of 5th Dynasty King’s names. Dr. Mostafa Waziri said that the names discovered on one of the seals is the King “Userkaf” as well as King “Neferirkare”. He added “It is the first time that Kom Ombo witness Kings names of Old Kingdom.”
Dr. Irene Forstner-Müller, director of the Austrain Archaeological Institute mission at the site said” The mission started working at the site in 2018 to investigate the history of the town of Kom Ombo. The first season of survey and excavation brought to light a First Intermediate Period Cemetery with the town of the Old Kingdom below it as well as a seal of King “Sahure”. These discoveries emphasise the great importance of old Kom Ombo as an administrative capital in Upper Egypt during the Old Kingdom.
The Swedish-Egyptian mission at Gebel el-Silsila, Aswan Region, led by Dr. Maria Nilsson and John Ward (Lund University), under the supervision of the inspectorates of Aswan and Kom Ombo, has discovered an undecorated shaft tomb (5 m deep) with two chambers dating to the 18th Dynasty (Thutmosid period). The tomb is water filled and requires pumping to allow excavations. Since a recent looting attempt in the tomb is also filled with sand and silt, and the extent of damage that was caused to the monument is still to be assessed. Mr. Abdel Moniem, General Director of Aswan and Nubia, says that the team is currently estimating the preservation of the tomb, as the movement of water and sand has caused great disturbance to the interior, artefacts and osteological remains, but it appears to be intact and undisturbed from looting. So far, the team has discovered three sandstone sarcophagi, two of which have been excavated, revealing an infant and a young child. The third sarcophagus was also made for an infant; its contents await excavation.
The burial goods contain several artefacts of importance, including dozens of scarabs, amulets, beads, seals, bracelets, large amphorae, beer jugs, bowls, pilgrim flasks, and various storage jars, etc.
8 Chronologically, there are indications of at least three generations, ranging from Thutmosis II to Amenhotep II (c. 3400 years ago). Exceptionally, the team has documented the remains of so far a minimum of over 60 individuals (2/3 adults and 1/3 children) have been discovered, but with excavations still ongoing the team estimates the amount to increase. No other tomb documented at Gebel el-Silsila previously has contained such a high number of entombed individuals. One of the more important results of the discovery at Gebel el-Silsila is the amount of buried children and women, indicating that there was a complete society with entire families living and working in ancient Kheny. Excavations are scheduled to continue until the end of the year.
The Egyptian archaeological mission working at Kom El Khelua necropolis in Fayoum directed by Dr. Aiman Ashmawi has discovered during their work started last month, a burial shaft to the east of Prince Waje’s Middle Kingdom tomb.
Dr. Mostafa Waziri said “El Khelua is located at the far south of Fayoum about 40 km from the town. It is a Middle Kingdom necropolis and precisely the time of King Amenemhat III (1842-1799 B.C) and it was reused as a Christian settlement during Byzantine time, The tomb of prince Waje the govener of Fayoum was also found along with the tomb of his mother Nebt Mot.
Dr. Ashmawi said that this tomb looks like it was robed long time ago and then reused ages later.
Egyptian Archaeologists Discover Several Ancient Egyptian Burials south of Cairo
The Egyptian Archaeological mission directed by Dr. Mostafa Waziri, Secretary-General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities, discovered several burials to the south east of the White Pyramid of King Amenemhat II in Dahshur, 22 miles south of Cairo.
Dr. Waziri said that the mission started working at the site in August 2018 and discovered several burials contain 8 limestone coffins, inside the coffins there are mummies with cartonnage. Three of them are in a good state of preservation and they are dated to the Late Period.
Dr. Waziri added that the sarcophagi are now stored in storerooms for restoration and they will be included in the museum display plans for the several museums being established by the Ministry of Antiquities in Egypt.
The Egyptian Museum new displays of Yuya and Thuya.
On its 116th anniversary, the Egyptian Museum in Tahrir revealed the new rooms showing the treasures of Yuya and Thuya in the same space where Tutankhamun’s objects were displayed but now mostly moved to the Grand Egyptian Museum which is expected to be opened in 2020.
A team of Egyptian archaeologists discovered a 3000-year-old Ramesside tomb in Assasif area on the west bank of the Nile in Luxor, Egypt.
The work started in March 2018 and stopped in May 2018 then resumed in August 2018 and still ongoing.
During the work, over 300 cubic meters of debris was cleared. The tomb shows depictions of Queen “Ahmos-Nefertari” and her son “Amenhotep I” according to minister of antiquities, Dr. Khalid El-Enany.
The tomb belongs to a man called “Shu En Khet.ef” meaning “North Wind in his back” who was a “Scribe of the mummification chapel in Mut temple” as Dr. Mostafa Waziri, Secretary-General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities said during the press conferece held this morning a couple of hundred meteres away from the famous temple of Deir Bahari in the background and a few steps of the said discovered tomb.
Dr. Waziri added that the Scribe’s wife was a “Chantress of Mut”. In their tomb, over 1000 ushabtis, coloured wooden masks, faience figurines and papyri bears a part of chapters 125 of Book of the Dead were found.
Then during the work and in September 2018, a side room was discovered and it was sealed with mud bricks. Inside that room, 2 wooden coffins were found with flowers on top of them and in perfect condition of preservation. The coffins are dated to 25th or 26th Dynasty. First one for a man called “Padiese” who was a high priest of Amun and the other coffin for his wife who was a chantress of Amun.
Minister of Antiquities Dr. Khaled El-Enany announced today a new discovery made by an Egyptian archaeological mission during excavation work carried out since April until now at the area located on the stony edge of King Userkaf pyramid complex in Saqqara Necropolis.
Cairo Governor, Major General Ahmed Rashid attended the announcement along with members of the Parliament and 30 ambassadors from all over the glob whom the minister of antiquities is always keen to invite them to attend the ministry of antiquities’ events and discoveries in an attempt to highlight the role that the antiquities are played as Egypt’s soft power to promote the country and its unique heritage. Many ambassadors from Arab and foreign countries have participated in several archaeological events along last month such as the Abu Simbel Temple solar alignment phenomenon and the tours around the archaeological sites in the New Valley and Saint Catherine in South Sinai. Dr. El-Enany explains that the mission has uncovered this time three plain New Kingdom tombs that had been used during the Late Period as cats necropolis along with four other Old Kingdom tombs, the most important of which belongs to Khufu-Imhat, the overseer of the royal buildings in the royal palace. This tomb can be dated to the late fifth and the early sixth dynasties.
He also pointed out that the Egyptian mission has selected such a site to excavate because there was a high probability that a collection of Old Kingdom tombs for individual could be uncovered around the ramp of King Userkaf pyramid complex. A French mission has previously excavated the eastern section of the site and uncovered a collection of Old and New Kingdoms tombs that were used during the Late Period as cats graves. The mission has stopped all excavations on site since 2008 and devoted all its work to study, document and restore some of the discovered tombs but all the works have completely stopped since 2013.
“This is the first of three upcoming new discoveries in other governorates in Egypt to be announced later before the end of 2018,” asserted Dr. El-Enany who called all attendees to be tuned.
Dr. Mostafa Waziri, Secretary General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities announced that the Egyptian mission has succeeded to unearth the first ever mummies of scarabs to be unearthed in Memphis necropolis as two large mummies of scarabs have been found inside a rectangular limestone sarcophagus with vaulted lid decorated with three scarabs painted in black. Studies on these scarabs, said Dr. Waziri, show that they are wrapped in linen and in a very good preservation condition. Another collection of scarab mummies was also found inside a more smaller and squared limestone sarcophagus decorated with one scarab painted in black. Tens of cat mummies were also unearthed along with 100 wooden gilded statues of cats and a bronze one dedicated to the cat goddess bastet. A collection of wooden gilded statues depicting the physical features of a lion, a cow, and a falcon was also unearthed. Painted wooden sarcophagi of Cobras with mummies found inside them were also discovered along with two wooden sarcophagi of crocodiles. Within the debris, he continued , the mission succeeded to unearth around 1000 amulets made of faience and dedicated to different deities, among them Tawesert, Apis bull, Anubis, Djehuty, Horus, Isis, Ptah Patek, Khnum as well as other faience amulets in the shape of the Udjat eye, the white and red crowns, the Wadjat column along with five bronze amulets for deities. Three alabaster canopic jars and writing tools such as ink pots with pens were found along with several papyri written in demotic and heretic while a third pile has chapters from the Book of the Dead. Names of two ladies were mentioned for the first time ever as their names were found engraved on a false door. The first lady named Subek Sekt and the second Mafy.
Sabri Farag, Director General of Saqqara Necropolis said that a collection of baskets and ropes made of papyri was also found along with 30 clay pots and human burials where a head rest, alabaster and bronze jars were found inside a wooden sarcophagus. A large number of decorated stone reliefs and blocks along with parts of false doors were also found among which two blocks representing a part of the lintel of Ankh Mahur,’s tomb one of the Old Kingdom Vizier.
Orascom Investment Holding (OIH) is the sponsor of such discovery event according to the request it submitted to the ministry of antiquities to sponsorship a number of events and archaeological discoveries in accordance with the newly launched commercial sponsorship regulation.
Engineer Naguib Sawiris, the Executive Chairman of the OIH affirmed that the company’s care stems from the interest of the company to develop archaeological field and sites and to show the exceptional richness of the Egyptian civilization and to attract the attention of the world towards its magnificent monuments and great civilization so that it becomes the focus of the world as it deserves.
Among the attendees are ambassadors of Morocco, Jordan, Kuwait, Cyprus, Mexico, Italy, Malta, Hungary, France, Ireland, Arminia, South Korea, Tajikistan, Japan, Austria, and Bella Russia. The Saudi Arabia and Georgia’s Vice-Ambassadors have also attended as well as Denmark General Councillor and the cultural attaché of Czech republic, Georgia and USA. The heads of the American Research Centre in Cario and the responsible of culture at UNESCO were also among the attendees.
Archaeologists working at a dig in Cairo have found several fragments of stone slabs with inscriptions that could be 4,000 years old, Egypt’s Ministry of Antiquities said.
Some of the limestones date to the 12th (founded in 1991 BCE) and 20th dynasties, of the Middle and New Kingdoms, the ministry said on Tuesday.
German Egyptologist Dietrich Raue, the head of the mission, said one inscription referred to Atum, an important and frequently mentioned god, as being responsible for the flooding of the Nile River in the Late Period between 664 and 332 BCE.
Matariya, in eastern Cairo, was once part of the ancient city of Heliopolis, or the city of the sun.
A collection of 614 artefacts were transported from the Egyptian Museum in Tahrir Square to the Grand Egyptian Museum (GEM) by the pyramids on Monday. Osama Abu El-Kheir, general director of the Conservation Department at the GEM, said that the collection contains 11 objects from the treasure sof King Tutankhamun, among them the king’s diadem.
Also included are items from the Old Kingdom to the Late Period, including a wooden box of King Amenhotep II covered with a layer of a white mortar and engraved with the king’s cartouche and a hieratic text, as well as a collection of Osirian statuettes and a limestone statue of the fifth dynasty’s top official in the royal palace, Senefer, and a 26th dynasty relief bearing the image of a sphinx.